AdultsAnt head

An adult ant body has three main parts: The head, the thorax and the abdomen.  Ants have three pairs of legs, all originating in the thorax. The front legs are specially useful: They help the ant when grabbing things and  they are used in the same way as cats to wash themselves.  Ants use them also to "milk" the honeydew from the aphids and to touch other ants.

Adult ants are queens, workers and drones.

All adults have a pair of antennae on their heads.  Ants use their antennae to smell, touch and communicate with other ants. They have in the mouth outer jaws that, depending on the type of ant and what it eats, can be used in different ways: Cut leaves or animals, grab and carry things, fight and dig up the nest.

Some species of ants have a sting with poison at caudal side ('tail end') of the abdomen. The sting is used to kill other insects for food and to defend themselves.

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